On a two-lane road, car A is travelling with a speed of 36 km h-1. Two cars B and C approach car A in opposite directions with a speed of 54 km h-1 each. At a certain instant, when the distance AB is equal to AC, both being 1 km, B decides to overtake A before C does. What minimum acceleration of car B is required to avoid an accident?
Velocity of car A, vA = 36 km/h = 10 m/s
Velocity of car B, vB = 54 km/h = 15 m/s
Velocity of car C, vC = 54 km/h = 15 m/s
Relative velocity of car B with respect to car A, vBA = vB - vA = 15 - 10 = 5 m/s
Relative velocity of car C with respect to car A, vCA = vC - (- vA) = 15 + 10 = 25 m/s
At a certain instance, both cars B and C are at the same distance from car A i.e., s = 1 km = 1000 m
Time taken (t) by car C to cover 1000 m =
Hence, to avoid an accident, car B must cover the same distance in a maximum of 40 s.